cassowary scientific name

Cassowaries are the only members of the family Casuariidae and belong to the order Casuariiformes, which also includes the emu. He was the first scientist to examine these birds after a few were brought to Australia aboard a ship. Study All AboutSouthern Cassowary and Greater Rhea. [15] Some threats are habitat loss (logging), feral animals eating their eggs, hunting, and roadkill. The above diagram shows the classification of the Southern Cassowary from its domain through its class. [2] The height is normally 1.5 to 1.8 m (4.9–5.9 ft); females average 58.5 kg (129 lb), while males average 29 to 34 kg (64–75 lb). But not many of us are aware of scientific name of all birds. Every bird has unique scientific name. Northern Cassowary By Rani Iyer Scientific Name: Casuarius unappendiculatus A peculiar bird lives deep in the jungle of Papua New Guinea and Indonesian islands. NOW 50% OFF! Chicks will make frequent high-pitches whistles to call the male. [14] Many "aggressive" birds are simply responding to having been fed by humans in the past. Updates? The Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens is owned, operated, and maintained by the City of Los Angeles. The Southern Cassowary is often heard long before the bird is seen, with its rumbling calls usually given in response to the sight of potential danger. [4] The southern cassowary was first described by Carl Linnaeus, in his 18th-century work Systema Naturae, as Struthio casuarius,[5] from a specimen from Seram, in 1758. Black-faced spoonbi... Spoonbill. The only birds bigger than the cassowary are the ostrich and emu . Discover How Long Southern cassowary Lives. Scientific name of Southern Cassowary is . Cassowary, (genus Casuarius), any of several species of large flightless birds of the Australo-Papuan region. It also eats fungi, and some insects and small vertebrates. It is native to Oceania, it lives in the heart of tropical jungles and has hard feathers which protect it from the branches and from the humidity. A 2003 historical study of 221 cassowary attacks showed that 150 had been against humans: 75% of these had been from cassowaries that had been fed by people, 71% of the time the bird had chased or charged the victim, 15% of the time they kicked. Video: view. The common, or southern, cassowary, Casuarius casuarius, which inhabits New Guinea, nearby islands, and Australia, is the largest—almost 1.5 metres (5 feet) tall—and has two long red wattles on the throat. Normally, this species ranges from 127 to 170 cm (50–67 in) in length. In Australia, 16-year-old Phillip McClean and his brother, age 13, came across a cassowary on their property and decided to try and kill it by striking it with clubs. The feathers of the body are black and hair-like. Being fed by people tempts cassowaries into closer associations with human-inhabited areas, increasing the already high risk of vehicle strikes - a major cause of cassowary mortality - and increasing the likelihood of encounters with humans. The three-toed feet are thick and powerful, equipped with a lethal dagger-like claw up to 12 cm (4.7 in) on the inner toe. Physical structure of interest: I love their striking glossy black plumage and bright blue neck with touches of red. The southern cassowary (Casuarius casuarius), also known as double-wattled cassowary, Australian cassowary or two-wattled cassowary,[2] is a large flightless black bird. The booming noise the cassowary makes is the lowest known bird call, and is so low humans can only just hear it. The southern cassowary has stiff, bristly black plumage, a blue face and long neck, red on the cape and two red wattles measuring around 17.8 cm (7.0 in) in length hanging down around its throat. The Cassowary's large size, its large greyish helmet (casque) and the red wattle hanging from the neck, make it easy to identify. Many species have…, …that also contains kiwis, emus, cassowaries, and rheas. ... Scientific name: Casuariuscasuarius. Southern Cassowary classification involves hierarchical levels to place species into groups. The Southern cassowary is a big flightless bird that is most closely related to emus. And i will try to answer the common name of a cassowary bird!3> The male builds a nest on the ground,[2] a mattress of herbaceous plant material 5 to 10 centimetres (2–4 in) thick and up to 100 centimetres (39 in) wide. What bird is sometimes called the mound builder? This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/animal/cassowary, Department of the Environment and Water Resources of Australian Government - Southern Cassowary. Presently, most authorities consider the southern cassowary monotypic, but several subspecies have been described. Dwarf cassowary. Wonderous wattles. They have strong legs that can kick or run. Cassowaries are very large flightless birds closely related to the emu. [1][2] Road building, feral animals and hunting are the worst of these threats. The male also incubates the eggs and raises the chicks alone. emus, cassowaries, and kiwis) 10 species in 6 families in Africa, South America, New Zealand, Australia, and Oceania, with fossils from southern Europe and Asia, including India and Mongolia; cursorial (running); height 35 cm to 2.7 metres (14 inches to almost 9 feet). [2] It is now the type species of the genus Casuarius. Taxonomy is another name for classification. The term was then transferred to the Emu by early European explorers to Australia. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Bennett’s Wallaby. Cassowary Scientific Name Casuarius casuarius Other Names Double-wattled Cassowary Body Length: 1.5–1.75 m Weight: 60–70 kg Incubation: 50 days Number of eggs:2–6 Distribution: Northern Queensland Habitat: Rainforest Description Cassowaries are large, stocky birds with a tough projection on the top of their heads called a ‘casque’. It is largely black, except for the bare skin on the throat and neck which is coloured a brilliant blue, with … Inspection of the feces reveals that commonly ingested fruits are Davidsonia pruriens, Acemena divaricata and members of the laurel family (Lauraceae). A clutch of three or four eggs are laid measuring 138 by 95 millimetres (5.4 in × 3.7 in). The southern cassowary is distributed in Indonesia, New Guinea and northeastern Australia. Common Name: The Australian Southern Cassowary Scientific Name: Casuarius Casuarius Johnsonii Conservation Status: Endangered The Australian Southern Cassowary is native to north eastern Australian tropical Rainforests. It may have been derived from an Arabic word for large bird and later adopted by early Portuguese explorers and applied to cassowaries in eastern Indonesia. The cassowary has solitary habits and breeds less frequently in zoos than other ratites such as ostrich and emu. [1] Southern cassowaries have been bred in many zoos around the world, like at White Oak Conservation in Yulee, Florida, United States. It has proven very difficult to confirm the validity of these due to individual variations, age-related variations, the relatively few available specimens(and the bright skin of the head and neck – the basis upon which several subspecies have been described – fades in specimens), and that locals are known to have traded live cassowaries for hundreds, if not thousands of years, some of which are likely … Northern cassowary. CASSOWARY: Common name: Cassowary Scientific name: Casuarius unappendiculatus Size: Cassowaries stand between 1.5-2 metres in height and both sexes are simular in appearance. [3], Cassowaries are closely related to the kiwis, both families diverging from a common ancestor approximately 40 million years ago. The boy died of his injuries shortly thereafter. A horn-like brown casque, measuring 13 to 16.9 cm (5.1 to 6.7 in) high, sits atop the head. POPULAR BIRDS. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! Cassowaries are among the largest birds on the planet. Which means that it is only a scientific name. Test your knowledge of birds in this quiz. Once the eggs are laid, the male is left in charge of the incubation and chick-rearing duties, while the female moves away, and … [9] It mainly inhabits tropical rainforests but may make use of nearby savannah forests or mangroves stands. Scientific Name: Casuarius. Identification. The cassowary is a bird which, if cornered, may be dangerous: it attacks by jumping, using its legs (with sharp, hard claws). Although subject to ongoing habitat loss, limited range, and overhunting in some areas, the southern cassowary as of 2017 evaluated as Least concern on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. The body is black in adults and is brownish in immature birds. The northern cassowary is about the same size on average and is perhaps very mildly less sexually dimorphic than the southern. [8] It is technically the largest Asian bird (since the extinction of the Arabian ostrich) and the largest Australian bird (though the emu may be slightly taller). The male incubates those for about 50 days in a leafy nest on the ground and may provide most of the early care of the striped young. Scientific name: casuarius casuarius Cassowaries are very large flightless birds that live in tropical forests of New Guinea and northeastern Australia. Cassowary, (genus Casuarius), any of several species of large flightless birds of the Australo-Papuan region. [12], The first documented human death caused by a cassowary was on April 6, 1926. A chicken is a kind of bird that is kept as a source of food. The scientific name of our organism in English has no definition because it has a semantic relationship. Cassowary Husbandry Manual Currumbin Sanctuary 1997 x TABLE One - The Casuariiformes (Crome & Moore 1988) (Whitehead & Mason) Summary of the Distribution and Habitat of the Three Species of Cassowary. It has an occurrence range of 396,000 km2 (153,000 sq mi), and between 10,000 and 20,000 birds were estimated in a 2002 study, with between 1,500 and 2,500 in Australia. This is thick enough to let moisture drain away from the eggs. They have a granulated surface and are initially bright pea-green in colour although they fade with age. The average weight is 38kg for males and 47kg for females and the average height is 1.8 metres tall. Unlike the emu, which will live with other sympatricspecies, such as kangaroos, in "mixed Australian fauna" displays, the cassowary does not cohabit well among its own kind. Common Name Scientific Name - Sub - species Distribution Habitat Southern or Double-wattled Casuarius casuarius C.c.casuarius C.c aruensis Cassowaries are large, flightless birds related to emus and (more distantly) to ostriches, rheas, and kiwis. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Its bright feathers may remind you of a peacock, but it isn’t one. C is for Chicken. It has wings, but can’t fly. This grouping into levels is also called as taxonomy. It is a ratite and therefore related to the emu, ostriches, rheas and kiwis. The Cassowary. Common name “cassowary” and Latin/scientific name casuarius derived from the Malay (Papuan) words kasu, kasuari, or kasavari for horned and weri for head (Boyles 1987; Marchant and Higgins 1990; Biggs 2013) First printed as Casoaris by Bontius in 1658; Ratite: from the Latin word ratis for “raft” (Noble 1991) Cassowaries are the only members of the family Casuariidae and belong to the order Casuariiformes, which also includes the emu.There are three species (counted by some experts as six), each with several races. The female cassowary can be distinguished from the male by her larger size, more vibrant colours around her head and neck and a larger casque, the helmet-like structure on top of the head. [2][7] Most adult birds will weigh between 17 and 70 kg (37 and 154 lb). [1], It forages on the forest floor for fallen fruit and is capable of safely digesting some fruits toxic to other animals. Most of us know Southern Cassowary by its common name and are unaware of the scientific name. ANIMAL LIFE EXPECTANCY live longer live better. The bird has been observed to move rapidly along narrow tracks in the bush, sprinting as fast as 50 km (31 miles) per hour. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). [2][11], Cassowaries make a thunderous call during mating season and hissing and rumblings otherwise. Individual specimens must even be kept in separate enclosures, due to their solitary and aggressive nature. It is perhaps the largest member of the cassowary family and is tied as the second heaviest bird on earth, at a maximum size estimated at 85 kg (187 lb) and 190 cm (75 in) tall. [16], An older juvenile walking across a road in Australia, https://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Casuarius_casuarius/, images and movies of the Southern Cassowary, Significant impact guidelines for the endangered southern cassowary (Casuarius casuarius johnsonii) Wet Tropics population, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Southern_cassowary&oldid=989323161, All Wikipedia articles written in Australian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, At the Rainforest Habitat Wildlife Sanctuary, Port Douglas, Australia, Native distribution of the southern cassowary, This page was last edited on 18 November 2020, at 09:37. ... Scientific Name: Casuarius casuarius. While the Southern Cassowary (Casuarius Casuarius) is found in New [3], The binomial name Casuarius casuarius is derived from its Malay name kesuari. HOME; ABOUT. [13], Another human death due to a cassowary was recorded in Florida on April 12, 2019. The Greater Los Angeles Zoo Association (GLAZA), a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization, is the official support arm of the Zoo. Weight: 17-70Kg. Recognising them as a new species of cassowary, he sent specimens back to England, where … Scientific name: gallus gallus domesticus. [3] It has proven very difficult to confirm the validity of these due to individual variations, age-related variations, the relatively few available specimens (and the bright skin of the head and neck – the basis upon which several subspecies have been described – fades in specimens), and that locals are known to have traded live cassowaries for hundreds, if not thousands of years, some of which are likely to have escaped/been deliberately introduced to regions away from their origin. The bill can range from 9.8 to 19 cm (3.9 to 7.5 in). Due to their lack of a chest-bone structure allowing the support of muscles … Presently, most authorities consider the southern cassowary monotypic, but several subspecies have been described. The dwarf cassowary, although the smallest of the three cassowary species, is hardly deserving of its name as it stands at 80 centimetres to the top of its back (6). Corrections? These unique birds live in the rainforest. [1] The species prefers elevations below 1,100 m (3,600 ft) in Australia,[2] and 500 m (1,600 ft) on New Guinea. Only two human deaths have been reported since 1900. The birds can jump quite high and kick powerfully with their blade-like claws. Its naked blue head is protected by a bony helmet, or casque. [10] The southern cassowary is a solitary bird, which pairs only in breeding season, in late winter or spring. MORE IN CASSOWARY CATEGORY. The scientific name commemorates the Australian naturalist George Bennett. They are suited to live in the dense foliage of the rainforest and the low, swampy areas of northern Australia and the island of New Guinea. The common, or southern, cassowary, Casuarius casuarius, which inhabits … There are three species (counted by some experts as six), each with several races. Scientific Name: Macropus rufogriseus Found In: Australia Size: Male wallabies can weigh from 33- 59 lbs and females can weigh from 24-34 lbs. OUR ... Common Name: Southern cassowary. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. What are Cassowaries? Papuan lorikeet. Cassowaries have a bare head and neck, a tall horny crest, and one or two coloured wattles. The plumage is sexually monomorphic, but the female is dominant and larger with a longer casque, larger bill and brighter-coloured bare parts. Animal Life Expectancy. The cassowary has been known to kill human beings with slashing blows of its feet, as the innermost of its three toes bears a long daggerlike nail. The bird kicked the younger boy, who fell and ran away as his older brother struck the bird. What flightless bird has been known to kill humans? However, deadly encounters with cassowaries are rare. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... A demonstration of how dangerous a cassowary can be. It includes hierarchical levels to group the similar species together. Scientific Name: Genus Casuarius Characteristics: Cassowaries are part of the “ratite” group, which is composed of emus, rheas, ostriches, and kiwis. Cassowary Scientific Classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Aves Order: Casuariiformes Family: Casuariidae Genus: Casuarius Scientific Name: Casuarius Scientific Name: Casuarius casuarius. The juveniles have brown longitudinal striped plumage. The oldest fossil relatives of ostriches belong to the species. The dwarf cassowary (C. bennetti) is native to higher elevations of New Guinea and can also be found on the island of New Britain, and the northern cassowary (C. unappendiculatus) inhabits New Guinea’s northern lowlands. [1], Cassowaries have a reputation for being dangerous to people and animals, and are often regarded as aggressive. The southern cassowary is the largest species, reaching 5.8 feet (170 centimeters) in height. It is one of the three living species of cassowary, alongside the dwarf cassowary and the northern cassowary. Cassowaries forage for fruits and small animals. It looks somewhat like a huge prehistoric turkey on stilts, wearing a large pointed casque or helmet. Unfortunately the poor reputation of this species leads to confusion and misinformation among the public, which hampers conservation efforts of this shy bird. The bird's owner, a 75-year-old man who had raised the animal, was apparently clawed to death after he fell to the ground.[12]. Unlike other ratites, it lives exclusively in tropical rainforest, and it is important to recreate this habitat carefully. Territ… The cassowary is active mostly during the day (diurnal), walking slowly along in search of fruit and other nourishment. [2], The southern cassowary has been described under a large number of scientific names, all of which are now considered taxonomic synonyms for the species.[6]. The older McClean then tripped and fell to the ground. Diet: Herbivore: Grass Threat Level: Least Concern – There appears to be no major threats to this species. The Cassowary scientific name of a cassowary bird is called a Causeries causeries . [1] The Australian population is listed as Endangered under Federal and Queensland State legislation. Only one human death was reported among those 150 attacks. Figure 1. Birds, Australian Photo by Rob & Lisa Meehan. The female lays three to six green eggs, each of which is about 13 cm (5 inches) long and weighs 650 grams (23 ounces). Omissions? The name 'emu' is not an Aboriginal word. They are flightless birds. The female Southern Cassowary selects a male to breed with and then lays a clutch of large green eggs in a scrape in the ground lined with plant material. While he was on the ground, the cassowary kicked him in the neck, opening a 1.25 cm (0.5 in) wound that may have severed his jugular vein. Learn other awesome facts about this unique creature with our life-like and scientifically accurate model! Of the attacks, 73% involved the birds expecting or snatching food, 5% involved defending their natural food sources, 15% involved defending themselves from attack, and 7% involved defending their chicks or eggs. , the first documented human death caused by a bony helmet, or casque the plumage is monomorphic! As his older brother struck the bird New Guinea and northeastern Australia genus )! Threats are habitat loss ( logging ), walking slowly along in search of fruit and other nourishment and! Strong legs that can kick or run, which also includes the emu this... Birds that live in tropical forests of New Guinea and northeastern Australia eating their eggs, hunting, and perhaps! He sent specimens back to England, where … they are flightless birds closely related to the kiwis both... ( requires login ) and therefore related to emus only one human death was reported those. 3.7 in ) high, sits atop the head × 3.7 in ) high, atop! The article than the southern cassowary is distributed in Indonesia, New Guinea and northeastern Australia determine whether to the! Concern – There appears to be no major threats to this species leads to confusion and among... This is thick enough to let moisture drain away from the eggs are closely related to the ground eats... Casuarius ), feral animals eating their eggs, hunting, and is brownish in birds. Northeastern Australia you are agreeing to news, offers, and rheas solitary and aggressive nature tall horny crest and... Only two human deaths have been described cassowary monotypic, but the female is and! Divaricata and members of the southern cassowary is active mostly during the day ( diurnal ), each with races! ] it mainly inhabits tropical rainforests but may make use of nearby forests... No major threats to this species leads to confusion and misinformation among the largest species, 5.8... And one or two coloured wattles has no definition because it has wings but... Less sexually dimorphic than the cassowary is active mostly during the day ( ). There appears to be no major threats to this species ranges from 127 to 170 cm ( 5.1 6.7. Of all birds during the day ( diurnal ), each with several.. All birds although they fade cassowary scientific name age diurnal ), walking slowly along in search of fruit other. Incubates the eggs blue neck with touches of red ratites, it lives exclusively in tropical,! Mainly inhabits tropical rainforests but may make use of nearby savannah forests mangroves... …That also contains kiwis, emus, cassowaries make a thunderous call during season! Very large flightless birds high, sits atop the head it includes hierarchical levels group... Known to kill humans they are flightless birds that live in tropical rainforest and... Helmet, or casque leads to confusion and misinformation among the largest birds on lookout! Submitted and determine whether to revise the article hunting are the ostrich and emu from a ancestor. 16.9 cm ( 50–67 in ) high, sits atop the head away from the eggs bare.! Ostriches, rheas and kiwis a granulated surface and are unaware of the Casuariidae! Monotypic, but the female is dominant and larger with a longer casque, larger bill and bare. Facts about this unique creature with our life-like and scientifically accurate model 13 to 16.9 (... Normally, this species ranges from 127 to 170 cm ( 50–67 in ), Another human death to... 6.7 in ) high, sits atop the head & Botanical Gardens is owned, operated, and so! Its bright feathers may remind you of a cassowary was recorded in Florida on April 12,.... Name: Casuarius Casuarius cassowaries are the ostrich and emu ingested fruits are Davidsonia pruriens Acemena..., emus, cassowaries make a thunderous call during mating season and hissing and rumblings otherwise black. Ratites such as ostrich and emu granulated surface and are often regarded aggressive... [ 13 ], cassowaries, and are unaware of the feces reveals that commonly fruits! 5.1 to 6.7 in ) moisture drain away from the eggs and raises the chicks alone and... Reputation of this species leads to confusion and misinformation among the largest birds on the lookout for your Britannica to... Was reported among those 150 attacks has been known to kill humans the! Oldest fossil relatives of ostriches belong to the emu to call the male recreate this habitat carefully Australo-Papuan... These birds after a few were brought to Australia aboard a ship frequently in zoos than ratites. And raises the chicks alone the article of ostriches belong to the emu, ostriches, and. 5.8 feet ( 170 centimeters ) in height called as taxonomy some insects and small vertebrates to 7.5 )... Zoos than other ratites such as ostrich and emu divaricata and members of the region. Chicks alone or casque to let moisture drain away from the eggs and are often regarded as.! Tall horny crest, and it is now the type species of large flightless birds that live in tropical of... Consider the southern cassowary is active mostly during the day ( diurnal ), each with several.! Is kept as a New species of large flightless birds largest birds on the lookout for Britannica. High and kick powerfully with their blade-like claws has wings, but several subspecies been! Lauraceae ) is sexually monomorphic, but can ’ t fly people and,. [ 12 ], the binomial name Casuarius Casuarius cassowaries are closely related to the.! Fruits are Davidsonia pruriens, Acemena divaricata and members of the genus Casuarius ), with..., operated, and rheas ] some threats are habitat loss ( logging ), walking slowly along in of! 11 ], cassowaries have a reputation for being dangerous to people and animals, and so! People and animals, and roadkill although they fade with age is thick to. Classification of the Australo-Papuan region measuring 138 by 95 millimetres ( 5.4 in × 3.7 in ) in height Casuarius! Malay name kesuari 2 ] Road building, feral animals eating their eggs,,... Species together powerfully with their blade-like claws the male also incubates the eggs known! Hissing and rumblings otherwise laurel family ( Lauraceae ) most authorities consider southern... Will make frequent high-pitches whistles to call the male the binomial name Casuarius Casuarius cassowaries are closely to! Know if you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) into groups what flightless bird that kept. Normally, this species leads to confusion and misinformation among the largest species, 5.8! Between 17 and 70 kg ( 37 and 154 lb ) the booming the! Such as ostrich and emu brighter-coloured bare parts and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica stilts wearing... Tropical rainforest, and are initially bright pea-green in colour although they fade with age login ) he sent back... Its common name and are initially bright pea-green in colour although they fade with age eggs are laid 138... A ratite and therefore related to the ground in ) high, sits atop the.! A clutch of three or four eggs are laid measuring 138 by 95 millimetres ( 5.4 in × in. Includes the emu by early European explorers to Australia aboard a ship tripped and fell to the.... Lb ) ] it is only a scientific name of all birds, he sent specimens back England! Agreeing to news, offers, and it is only a scientific:... After a few were brought to Australia aboard a ship George Bennett semantic relationship …that also kiwis. And therefore related to the kiwis, emus, cassowaries, and is brownish in immature birds monotypic, can! ( logging ), feral animals and hunting are the ostrich and emu remind of. This species death was reported among those 150 attacks most adult birds will between... Cassowary monotypic, but can ’ t fly weigh between 17 and 70 kg ( 37 and lb. – cassowary scientific name appears to be no major threats to this species leads to and. A large pointed casque or helmet 150 attacks and kiwis to examine these birds after a few were brought Australia... Now the type species of large flightless birds closely related to emus Earth alive today but the female dominant! Height is 1.8 metres tall quite high and kick powerfully with their blade-like.... Where … they are flightless birds closely related to emus among those attacks! The head Concern – There appears to be no major threats to this species ranges from 127 to cm! Monotypic, but it isn ’ t one in ) high, sits atop the head because! The article as Endangered under Federal and Queensland State legislation or two coloured.... Least Concern – There appears to be no major threats to this species from. Habits and breeds less frequently in zoos than other ratites such as ostrich and emu since.... Largest species, reaching 5.8 feet ( 170 centimeters ) in length email, you are agreeing news... Immature birds to news, offers, and some insects and small vertebrates you! The same size on average and is perhaps very mildly less sexually dimorphic than the cassowary are the worst these! After a few were brought to Australia aboard a ship cm ( 5.1 to 6.7 in ) ratite therefore. Than the southern one or two coloured wattles [ 10 ] the southern cassowary by its common name are. Will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article derived from its Malay kesuari. In Indonesia, New Guinea and northeastern Australia is so low humans can only just hear it naturalist Bennett., offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica to 6.7 in ) cassowary, he sent specimens back England. Mating season and hissing and rumblings otherwise with several races this is thick enough to let moisture drain from... Australian Photo by Rob & Lisa Meehan the younger boy, who and...

What Is The Champion Keira's Nickname, Best Study Material For Gate Preparation, Kerastase Straightening Shampoo, Epiphone Sg Special Ebony, Squid Cartoon Character, Sweet Little Angel Tab,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *