Humayun’s tomb or Humayun ka Maqbara, a world Heritage site is the tomb of Mughal Emperor Humayun, situated in National Capital Delhi, India. It was the first garden tomb constructed in Indian subcontinent. It was also the first sand stone structure to be constructed in Delhi. Humayun’s tomb was commissioned by his first wife Bega Begum during 1569-71, almost nine years after his death. The tomb was designed by a Persian architect, Mirak Mirza Ghiyas.
The cost of construction of the tomb is estimated to be 1.5 million rupees at the time. The architect Mirak Mirza Ghiyas was called form Afghanistan. The Begam who was bereaved by her husband’s demise took special care of the design and construction of the mausoleum. Unfortunately, Ghiyas died before the structure could be completed; hence his son Sayyed Muhammad ibnMirakGhiyathuddin took over the work and completed his father’s design in 1571.
Humayun’s tomb was the first grand monument made of red sandstone. The structure also contains tomb of some other members of Mughal family. Inside the main chamber, there is a cenotaph of Humayun’s Tomb while the original grave lies in the basement below it. Other smaller chambers contain cenotaphs of other Mughal family members like Bega Begum, Hamida Begum (mother of Emperor Akbar), and Dara Shikoh (Humayun’s great-great grandson).
Inside the walled enclosure of the tomb and its premises the most notable features are the garden squares called chaharbagh with pathways and water channels, centrally located well proportional mausoleum topped by double dome. Since its inclusion in UNESCO world heritage site several restoration work has been done to the tomb, to preserve the monument. There are many symbolic elements inside the main chamber like a mihrab design over a marble lattice or jaali that is facing Mecca in the West.
There are many other monuments around Humayun’s Tomb. There are many prominent gates, there is SabzBurj right at the main road, there is Isa Khan’s Tomb on the right side on the way to Humayun’s Tomb , it was built before the Humayun’s Tomb. Charbagh (literally four gardens) is a Persian-style four layouts garden. Afsarwala Tomb is an Officer’s tomb built during Mughal rule .Behind Humayun’s Tomb, in the south-east corner is Barber’s Tomb. It is a tomb of the royal barber and is also called Nai-ka-Gumbad. There are Bu Halima’s Tomb, NilaGumbad, and many other buildings near the vicinity.
Mirak Mirza Ghiyas constructed a monument which was unique for its design and architecture for that time. It was the first tomb in the Indian subcontinent with a garden and such grandeur. The tomb follows the early Mughal architecture influenced by Islamic style with few Indian designing elements
How to reach here :Humayun’s tomb is situated in the National Capital Delhi, which is well connected nationally and internationally by rail , road and air. Local transport comprise of Metro, DTC bused and autos.
Important Information : The tomb remains open to visitors every day from sunrise to sunset. There are some nominal charges for entry in the tomb.
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